Aspects of microeconomics and macroeconomics

People may save more money as they get a better return on their deposits. Micro and Macro While these two studies of economics appear to be different, they are actually interdependent and complement one another since there are many overlapping issues between the two fields.

Customers without knowledge of whether a car is a "lemon" depress its price below what a quality second-hand car would be.

Microeconomics Microeconomics is the study of decisions that people and businesses make regarding the allocation of resources and prices of goods and services. Macroeconomic theory explains and deals with the economic environment which an individuals firms, industry, household etc face or encounter.

Each point on the curve shows potential total output for the economy, which is the maximum feasible output of one good, given a feasible output quantity of the other good. Much-studied factors include the rate of investmentpopulation growthand technological change.

Let us further assume that in the country where you are residing, the problem of Inflation Inflation is an economic problem in which an economy experiences continous and persistent rise in prices of goods and services being sold in the economy emerges and this disturbs the monthly household budget of your mother.

The slope of the curve at a point on it gives the trade-off between the two goods. Markets Economists study trade, production and consumption decisions, such as those that occur in a traditional marketplace. How businesses establish prices, how taxes will impact individual decision making, the concept of supply and demand.

A macroeconomist would look at the effects of a decrease in income taxes using measures like GDP and national income, rather than individual factors. These are the type of questions microeconomics aims to solve. On the other hand, Macroeconomics studies the economic issues and problems affecting economy at a broader level.

It measures what the consumer would be prepared to pay for that unit.

ECON102: Principles of Macroeconomics

A term for this is "constrained utility maximization" with income and wealth as the constraints on demand. Microeconomics Microeconomics is the study of decisions that people and businesses make regarding the allocation of resources and prices of goods and services.

Comparatively a change in microeconomic decision making will add up in aggregate to impact the macroeconomic concepts studied. The two main tools of macroeconomics are — aggregate supply and aggregate demand. It can be easily observed that micro and macroeconomics differ on the application of economic theory to two different scales.

If house prices rise, this is a micro economic effect for the housing market. If technology reduces costs, this enables faster economic growth. Microeconomics studies and analyzes individual human being, household, firm, industry etc behaviour with respect to issues like production, consumption, distribution, price determination etc.

Macro economics is more contentious. In words of Alfred Marshall:. Microeconomics is the study of particular markets, and segments of the economy.

It looks at issues such as consumer behaviour, individual labour markets, and the theory of firms. Macro economics is the study of the whole economy. It looks at ‘aggregate’ variables, such as aggregate demand.

Macroeconomic Factor

Key Differences between Micro and Macro Economics The points given below explains the difference between micro and macro economics in detail: Microeconomics studies the particular market segment of the economy, whereas Macroeconomics studies the whole economy, that.

May 19,  · The difference between micro and macro economics is simple. Microeconomics is the study of economics at an individual, group or company level.

Macroeconomics, on the other hand, is the study of a national economy as a Nick Gibson.


While macroeconomics is concerned with the economy as a whole, microeconomics is concerned with the study of individual agents, such as consumers and businesses and their economic decision making.

Feb 08,  · Micro economics is defined as the study of economic problems of individual units of the economy. Its main tools are supply and demand. Micro economics is also known as the PRICE THEORY.

Examples- individual income, individual output, price of a commodity. Microeconomics is the study of individual choices and of group behavior in individual markets, while macroeconomics is the study of the performance of national economies and of the policies that governments use to try to improve economic performance.

Aspects of microeconomics and macroeconomics
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What's the difference between macroeconomics and microeconomics?