Oyer and terminer court papers

Although Oyer and Terminer could try any case, the court of General Quarter Sessions could also hear most criminal cases, except for the most serious crimes. In the 19th century, grand juries usually were appointed only by Oyer and Terminer.

Historical Society of Salisbury Township

Sir George Carteret received the easterly portion, which included Monmouth County. Those who pleaded not guilty were usually released on recognizance bail to give them time to prepare their defense. An example is for The State vs. However, some individuals were indicted but never arrested.

A court for the trial of cases of treason and felony. Quarter Sessions could also conduct trials and issue sentences, except on indictments for murder, manslaughter, and treason. When he arrived in Salem, he quickly took control of the situation or so he thought and created the Court of Oyer and Terminer.

William Phips was born February 2,in Maine. Born February 12, to Reverend Increase Mather, Cotton seemed destined to achieve greatness, for he was born into a family of powerful clergymen.

By spring ofno more trials convicted any witches, and those accused who were in custody were released by Phips, including those convicted. Once Phips had reached friendly territory, he received news of the Salem Witch Trials, along with the fact that he had been appointed governor.

Justices and officers of the courts were to be appointed by the proprietors or governor. No filing system other than loosely grouping indictments for both courts by year was used.

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

They realized that spectral evidence was a practice founded in false proof, and had put hundreds of witches to wrongful deaths. In the period covered by these records, grand juries usually would present their bills of indictment in a court of Oyer and Terminer, which was held twice a year in colonial times and quarterly thereafter.

If the idea of finding a "black sheep" grazing in your family tree is appealing, include oyer and terminer records in your research plan. Both of these courts were abolished in when these functions were incorporated into the Court of Common Pleas.

Oyer and Terminer records are closely related to the criminal records of two other courts: The New York court's jurisdiction was the same as that of the Court of General Sessions or County Court, except that Oyer and Terminer had jurisdiction over crimes punishable by life imprisonment or death.

He then went on to become a clergyman, but only after he pursued medicine for two or three years, because he was unable to preach due to a terrible stutter. A renegade group of Irish-Catholic miners, the Molly Maguires are either ground-breaking labor advocates or ruthless murderers, depending on who is telling the story.

Depending on the plea, the accused would then either be tried or sentenced, although these steps were sometimes postponed until another session of the court; if postponed, the accused would sometimes be released on a recognizance bail.

General Quarter Sessions and Justice of the Peace courts. If the verdict was guilty, the court would usually impose either a fine or a jail term. Born February 12, to Reverend Increase Mather, Cotton seemed destined to achieve greatness, for he was born into a family of powerful clergymen.

Within year, cases are filed alphabetically by defendant. Before he arrived at Salem, Phips had a history of conquest. State Archives - Carbon County, minutes and trail summaries,Chester County, dockets and index, Fayette County, dockets, Typical entries for cases in the Minute Books include the plea of the defendant and, if the defendant pleaded not guilty, a record of the trial.

He then went on to become a clergyman, but only after he pursued medicine for two or three years, because he was unable to preach due to a terrible stutter. If the justice did not appear, the clerk would adjourn the court until the next day and make appropriate notations in the court minutes.

University of Pennsylvania Finding Aids

Unlike the Court of Quarter Sessions, the Court of Oyer and Terminer tried capital offenses including murder, treason and arson. Others were released on a recognizance after arraignment and did not return. The Salem Witchcraft Papers Verbatim Transcriptions of the Court Records In three volumes.

Edited by Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum Da Capo Press: New York, The Court of Oyer and Terminer met on county circuit and was presided over by justices of the Supreme Court.

It had jurisdiction (pre) over crimes and offenses.

Oyer & Terminer, 1802-1910

Preparation for the Court of Oyer and Terminer (May - August ) of the taking & detaining of the s'd Sarah &c you have before our Justices of our Court of Oyer & Terminer to be held at salem on thursday the second day of June next for the County of Essex to do & receive what the same our Justices then & there shall thereof consider in.

Courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery were established by the Pennsylvania Constitution of at the county level to hear and determine capital crimes (murder, rape, treason, burglary, robbery, arson, and others), formerly a function of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.

Courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery were established by the Pennsylvania Constitution of at the county level to hear and determine capital crimes (murder, rape, treason, burglary, robbery, arson, and others), formerly a function of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.

The New York court's jurisdiction was the same as that of the Court of General Sessions or County Court, except that Oyer and Terminer had jurisdiction over crimes punishable by life imprisonment or death.

Oyer and terminer court papers
Rated 0/5 based on 43 review
The Salem Journal: Legal News